A novel implantable vagus nerve stimulation system (ADNS-300) for combined stimulation and recording of the vagus nerve: Pilot trial at Ghent University Hospital.
AbstractPURPOSE: Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) is an established treatment for refractory epilepsy. The ADNS-300 is a new system for VNS that includes a rechargeable stimulus generator and an electrode for combined stimulation and recording. In this feasibility study, three patients were implanted with ADNS-300 for therapeutic VNS. In addition, compound action potentials (CAPs) were recorded to evaluate activation of the vagus nerve in response to VNS.
METHODS: Three patients were implanted with a cuff-electrode around the left vagus nerve, that was connected to a rechargeable pulse generator under the left clavicula. Two weeks after surgery, therapeutic VNS (0.25-1.25mA, 500μs, 30s on, 10min off and 30Hz) was initiated and stimulus-induced CAPs were recorded.
RESULTS: The ADNS-300 system was successfully implanted in all three patients and patients were appropriately stimulated during six months of follow-up. A reduction in seizure frequency was demonstrated in two patients (43% and 40% in patients 1 and 3, respectively), while in patient 2 seizure frequency remained unchanged. CAPs could be recorded in patients 1 and 2, proving stimulation-induced activation of the vagus nerve.
CONCLUSION: This feasibility study demonstrates that the ADNS-300 system can be used for combined therapeutic stimulation (in 3/3 patients) and recording of CAPs in response to VNS (in 2/3 patients) up to three weeks after surgery. Implantation in a larger number of patients will lead to a better understanding of the electrophysiology of the vagus nerve, which in turn could result in more adequate and individualized VNS parameter choice.
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